Tretinoin is a powerful anti-aging treatment available by prescription only. It can improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, acne scars, rough skin texture, large pores and uneven skin tone and pigmentation.
It works by speeding up the cellular turnover process, allowing fresh new cells to replace older damaged ones. This also increases collagen formation and decreases collagen degradation.
How It Works
Tretinoin works by increasing the speed of your skin’s natural cellular turnover. It does this by targeting dead cells and shutting down pores, allowing fresh skin to take their place. This helps to smooth and brighten your complexion while reducing fine lines and dark spots.
It also helps clear both noninflammatory and inflammatory acne by preventing clogged pores from forming in the first place. It does this by gently exfoliating the outer layer of skin and making it less welcoming to oil and bacteria, which cause pimples.
As a bonus, it stimulates collagen production and blood supply to the skin, resulting in reduced wrinkles, discoloration and roughness. However, it takes a while to see results and it is a strong product that can cause sensitivity in some people. To prevent this, it is best to start with a lower concentration and ramp up slowly over time. Only use a pea-sized amount and don’t apply it more often than prescribed or you could irritate your skin.
The good news is that tretinoin has been shown to decrease wrinkles, skin sallowness and roughness with continued use. This is because it works to thicken the desirable upper layer of skin cells, and thins the undesirable outer layer of dead skin cells. It also increases glycosaminoglycan, which improves hydration and firmness.
Tretinoin can be helpful in treating noninflammatory acne, which is the blackheads and whiteheads that form when clogged pores are filled with dead skin and oil. It can also treat inflammatory acne (red, inflamed pimples) by making it harder for bacteria to penetrate the skin and cause inflammation.
It is important to use a gentle cleanser, moisturizer and sunscreen daily while using tretinoin. It can irritate the skin, so it is recommended to start with a lower strength of tretinoin and gradually work up to higher strengths as your skin adjusts. Patients with underlying conditions like rosacea may need to be more cautious about introducing tretinoin into their routine, as it can make this condition worse.
Tretinoin is a powerful medication that has to be used properly in order to get the best results. It can cause a lot of skin irritation and redness, so you need to take special care when using it.
You need to start out slow and gradually ramp up your use. Depending on your skin type, you might need to start with a lower strength and gradually increase it to a higher one. Your dermatologist will help you figure out which strength is right for your skin and goals.
Tretinoin increases cell turnover, which improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, unclogs pores, and reduces pigmentation while preventing collagen breakdown. It can also prevent UV-induced damage to the skin. In a 6-month study, topical tretinoin was found to significantly affect the cosmetic appearance of photodamaged skin by reducing fine wrinkles, mottled hyperpigmentation and roughness. In addition, tretinoin increased epidermal mucin and decreased melanin in treated areas.
Tretinoin can cause a lot of skin irritation and you should avoid excessive sun exposure while using it. It is not recommended for people with certain underlying conditions, including rosacea and eczema, as it can trigger flare-ups.
It is important to start with a low concentration of tretinoin, as your skin may need time to get used to it. You can then gradually increase the frequency of application, usually to every other night. Some people find that they can apply it once a day.
In addition to smoothing fine lines and wrinkles, tretinoin can fade the appearance of dark spots called melasma. This is a common skin condition that causes flat, freckle-like patches of color on the face. It is typically caused by pregnancy, sun exposure and some medications and supplements. Tretinoin can help reduce the appearance of melasma by increasing glycosaminoglycan, which makes skin look firmer and more elastic. It can also reduce the appearance of acne by unclogging pores and reducing oil buildup. Tretinoin for Collagen